Depending on the definition Maritime Crimes, we could distinguish between the following categories of maritime crimes:
- criminal activities directed at vessels or maritime structures, such as piracy and sea robbery
- criminal activities that are enabled by the use of the seas such as trafficking and smuggling of people and goods
- criminal activities that violate coast states sovereignty such as illegal fishing and unauthorised entrance of a states internal waters.
- criminal activities that violate international law, such as dumping and pollution.
Many of these maritime crimes are the subject of international cooperation. Different International Governmental Organisations such as United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and the International Maritime Organisation the focus on specific, often overlapping crimes. Specific transnational organised maritime crimes such as piracy have become subject to international police cooperation, because of the increased understanding that maritime crimes are part of transnational organised criminal network that exploit the vulnerable land sea nexus.
In our maritime security program we have two projects relating to maritime crimes:
One on drugs trafficking in the Caribbean and one on transnational maritime crimes in Indonesian waters.